An analysis of the catholicism and the catholic religion after the death of christ

It was equivally applied in the documents of the Second Vatican Council —the First Vatican Council —[27] the Council of Trent —[28] and numerous other official documents. Hierarchy of the Catholic Church and Catholic Church by country "I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on Earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on Earth shall be loosed in heaven. The triple crown papal tiara symbolises the triple power of the Pope as "father of kings", "governor of the world" and "Vicar of Christ".

An analysis of the catholicism and the catholic religion after the death of christ

History of Roman Catholicism The emergence of Catholic Christianity At least in an inchoate form, all the elements of catholicity—doctrine, authority, universality—are evident in the New Testament.

It has also moved beyond the geographic borders of Judaismas the dramatic sentence of the closing chapter announces: It is clear even from the New Testament that these catholic features were proclaimed in response to internal challenges as well as external ones; indeed, scholars have concluded that the early church was far more pluralistic from the very beginning than the somewhat idealized portrayal in the New Testament might suggest.

As such challenges continued in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, further development of catholic teaching became necessary. The schema of apostolic authority formulated by the bishop of Lyon, Irenaeus c.

Each of the three sources depended on the other two for validation; thus, one could determine which purportedly scriptural writings were genuinely apostolic by appealing to their conformity with acknowledged apostolic tradition and to the usage of the apostolic churches, and so on.

This was not a circular argument but an appeal to a single catholic authority of apostolicity, in which the three elements were inseparable. The emergence of Roman Catholicism Internal factors Several historical factors, which vary in importance depending on the time, help to account for the emergence of Roman Catholicism.

The two factors that are often regarded as most decisive—at any rate by the champions of the primacy of Rome in the church—are the primacy of Peter among the Twelve Apostles of Christ and the identification of Peter with the church of Rome. Although there are considerable variations in the enumerations of the Apostles in the New Testament Matthew In perhaps the most important passage, at least as it was later understood, Jesus said to Peter, And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock [Greek petra] I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.

I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

The identification of this obvious primacy of Peter in the New Testament with the primacy of the church of Rome is not self-evident. For one thing, the New Testament is almost silent about a connection between Peter and Rome. It is, moreover, the unanimous testimony of early Christian tradition that Peter, having been at Jerusalem and then at Antioch, finally came to Rome, where he was crucified with his head down, according to Christian tradition, in deference to the Crucifixion of Christ ; there was and still is, however, disagreement about the exact location of his grave.

Writing at about the end of the 2nd century, the North African theologian Tertullian c. How happy is its church, on which apostles poured forth all their doctrine along with their blood! Indeed, Rome could claim affiliation with two apostles, Peter and Paul, as well as numerous other martyrs for the faith.

In addition to this apostolic argument for Roman primacy—and often interwoven with it—was the argument that Rome should be honoured because of its position as the capital of the Roman Empire: The second and fourth ecumenical councils of the church at Constantinople in and at Chalcedon in both legislated such a position for the see of Constantinople, but Rome refused to acknowledge the legitimacy of that prerogative.

During the first six centuries of the church, the bishop of every major Christian centre was, at one time or another, charged with and convicted of heresy—except the bishop of Rome though his turn would come. The titles that the see of Rome gradually assumed and the claims of primacy that it made within the life and governance of the church were, in many ways, little more than the formalization of what had become widely accepted practice.

External factors In addition to various internal developments, at least two external factors contributed decisively at the beginning of the Middle Ages to the development of Roman Catholicism as a distinct form of Christianity. One was the rise of Islam in the 7th century.

An analysis of the catholicism and the catholic religion after the death of christ

The other external force that encouraged the emergence of Roman Catholicism as a distinct entity was the collapse of governmental and administrative structures in the Western Roman Empire in and the migration into Europe of Germanic and other tribes that eventually established themselves as ruling elites.

Some of these peoples, particularly the Goths, had already become Christian before their arrival in western Europe. The form of Christianity they had adopted in the 4th century, generally known as Arianismwas, according to the ecumenical Council of Nicaeaheretical in its doctrine of the Trinity.

Therefore, the future of medieval Europe belonged not to the tribes that had converted to an unorthodox Christianity but to the tribes, particularly the Franksthat had adhered to traditional Germanic religion and later became Christian. The Franks, after their arrival in Gaul, accepted Catholic teaching on the doctrine of the Trinity as well as the authority of the Catholic bishops of Gaul.

The coronation by the pope of the Frankish king Charlemagne c.

Christ to Catholicism

The early medieval papacy During the centuries that marked the transition from the early to the medieval church, Roman Catholicism benefited from the leadership of several outstanding popes. Inwith the help of the Apostles Peter and Paul and a host of angels according to papal traditionhe persuaded Attila and the Huns to withdraw to the banks of the Danube, thus saving Rome from destruction.

He repeated this triumph inwhen his intercession with the Vandals mitigated their depredations in the city.From death granting you access to the realm of God in Catholicism, to it being nothing more than a stepping stone in the cycle to Enlightenment in Buddhism, the topic of death is the root of many cultures and religions around the world.

After his baptism, Christ was forty days in the desert and there was tempted by the devil. After his Resurrection, he appeared to the disciples for forty days before the Ascension. The revolt against Catholic dogma, out of which issued the Protestant sects, included a contemptuous denial of purgatory, but insisted fiercely upon hell: nowadays, those who believe in after-death suffering at all, insist that it shall be purely purgatorial, and it is hell they will have none of.

Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western schwenkreis.com with Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism, it is one of the three major branches of Christianity..

The Roman Catholic Church traces its history to Jesus Christ and the Apostles. Over the course of centuries it developed a highly . Christ to Catholicism PART ONE: APOLOGETIC FOUNDATIONS IV. Recognizing the True Church. by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J.

There are two basic positions in . Sacraments General characteristics. In Roman Catholic theology a sacrament is an outward sign instituted by Jesus Christ that is productive of inner grace. The number of sacraments varied throughout much of the first millennium of Christian history, as did the definition of the term sacrament itself.

Christ to Catholicism PART ONE: APOLOGETIC FOUNDATIONS IV. Recognizing the True Church. by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J. There are two basic positions in . After his baptism, Christ was forty days in the desert and there was tempted by the devil. After his Resurrection, he appeared to the disciples for forty days before the Ascension. The revolt against Catholic dogma, out of which issued the Protestant sects, included a contemptuous denial of purgatory, but insisted fiercely upon hell: nowadays, those who believe in after-death suffering at all, insist that it shall be purely purgatorial, and it is hell they will have none of.

After extensive theological discussion during .

Protestant Vs. Catholic: Why is There a Conflict Between Them?