David Cameron took over as Tory leader in The Conservative Party can claim to be the oldest political party in Europe. In the 17th Century, its predecessors - the Tories - backed the power of the Crown, believing it to be a check on Parliament and the interests of their political opponents, the Whigs.
The name Conservative was first used as a description of the party by John Wilson Croker writing in the Quarterly Review in The first Conservative government was formed by Sir Robert Peelwhose program, set out in the Tamworth Manifestostressed the timely reform of abuses, the necessity of law and order, an orderly system of taxation, and the importance of both landed interests and trade and industry.
Prospects of an extended period of Conservative rule disappeared in when the party split over the repeal of protectionist regulations known as the Corn Lawsand for most of the next 30 years they were out of government.
The party was reorganized by Benjamin Disraeliprime minister for a few months in and from to The Conservative Central Office, a professional organization established by Disraeli inand the newly formed National Union, which drew together local voluntary associations, gave the party additional unity and strength.
The Conservative Party was further strengthened in when it allied with the Liberal Unionistsa faction of the Liberal Party that opposed the policy of Home Rule in Ireland put forward by the Liberal leader William Ewart Gladstone. Thus reinforced, the Conservatives held office for all but 3 of the next 20 years, first under the leadership of Lord Salisbury and then under Arthur Balfour.
A split over tariff policy caused them to lose the election of in a disastrous landslide, and they did not regain power until they joined a wartime coalition with the Liberals in May In the election ofmost of the candidates elected to support the coalition were Conservatives.
Conservatives believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense. Believe the role of government should be to provide people the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals. Young conservatives also support sex education in schools when kids are of age and support the separation of church and state. Lastly, the left loves to accuse conservatives of being anti-science and claiming that we don’t care about saving the environment. The Other Side of the Sixties: Young Americans for Freedom and the Rise of Conservative Politics. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press (), pages, ISBN (paper). Covers the history of YAF from to Crawford, Alan. Thunder on the Right: The "New Right" and the Politics of Resentment.
The rebellion owed much to the revulsion felt by many backbenchers toward the Liberal leader and prime minister, David Lloyd Georgeand to their unease over some of the more interventionist reforms introduced by Liberal ministers. A surprise election called in December by Conservative prime minister Stanley Baldwin proved to be a miscalculation that briefly reunited the ailing Liberal Party and opened the way to a minority Labour Party government, though the Conservatives remained the largest single party and were able to regain power the following year.
Apart from another brief Labour administration in —31, the Conservatives dominated national office until Chamberlain was replaced by another Conservative, Winston Churchillwho formed a coalition government with the Labour Party.
Although Churchill led the country to victory in the war, he failed to lead his own party to success in the first postwar election in While in opposition, the party reformed its policies and organization.
The party returned to power in and maintained office until Moreover, the party did not seek to reverse the welfare measures nor most of the public ownership of industry that had been introduced by Labour in — The Conservative government did embark on an extensive house-building program and was able to reduce income taxes while increasing spending on the National Health Service.
From to the Conservatives held power alternately with the Labour Party. Under the prime ministership of Edward Heath —74the party pursued policies designed to deregulate finance and industry.
Economic problems led to confrontations with the trade unions, especially the National Union of Miners, and to internal party dissension. Heath called an election in and the party lost, allowing Labour to form a minority government.
After losing a second national election to Labour inHeath was succeeded as party leader by Margaret Thatcherwho during her four years as leader of the opposition —79 frequently stated her determination to pursue deregulation and supply-side economic reforms. She combined this ambitious economic agenda—which included the privatization of several state-owned industries and the sale of more than 1.
His less charismatic political style did not prevent him from winning the general election ofbut he had to contend with a prolonged economic recession, internal party conflict over the question of European integration, and dismally low opinion-poll ratings.
Soon after the elections, Major resigned as party leader. With some potential leaders suddenly ineligible because they had lost their parliamentary seats, William Hagueformer secretary of state for Wales, was elected party leader.
Inunder former home secretary Michael Howard, the Conservatives won some 30 additional seats in the House of Commons but remained well shy of a parliamentary majority. Howard promptly resigned as party leader, and David Cameron presided over the gradual ascent of the Conservatives over the next five years.
Having captured seats in the general election ofthe Conservatives became the largest party in the House of Commons, but their failure to win an outright majority led to a hung Parliament.
Conservative and Labour Party leaders met with the Liberal Democrats over the ensuing days in an effort to secure enough seats to form a new government. In midterm local elections inhowever, neither the Conservatives nor their coalition partners fared well, with the Conservatives losing more than seats in England, Scotland, and Wales.
That trend continued in the May elections for the European Parliamentin which the Conservatives lost seven seats to finish not only just behind Labour but in third place; the United Kingdom Independence Party finished in first place.
Opinion polling before the May U. In the event, however, the Conservatives pulled off a stunning victory—winning seats, a gain of 24 seats over their showing in the election—that allowed Cameron to form a majority government. In Cameron first promised a national referendum on the issue, and in February he succeeded in winning concessions from EU leaders that were aimed at pleasing Euroskeptics.
In the event, voters chose to leave the EU, and Cameron announced his intention to resign as prime minister and party leader.Jun 21, · Young people who are affiliated with a religion are more inclined than their elders to believe their own religion is the one true path to eternal life (though in all age groups, more people say many religions can lead .
“This settlement agreement establishes a statewide foundation for conservative student clubs who criticize school policies to operate at Minnesota schools,” Kaardal said in a press release. “Edina school staff disbanded the Young Conservatives Club because it ‘disrespected’ flag protesters at a November Veterans Day Event.
The Sharon Statement is the founding statement of principles for Young Americans for Freedom. The views expressed in the statement, while not considered "traditional conservative principles" at the time, played a significant role in influencing Republican leaders in the s.
Welcome! To sign up for our newsletter, please use the following form. Conservatives believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense. Believe the role of government should be to provide people .
But data from the Pew Research Center’s new political typology report indicate that, while different age cohorts do have markedly different profiles, the relationship is considerably more complex than young=liberal and old=conservative.